The TMJ disorder occurs when there is any sort of problem with the jaw or the jaw joint. The disorder pertains to the muscles and nerves present in the jawbone which are affected by any sort of injury. As TMJ is responsible for linking the jawbone to the skull, the injury causes pain in actions that are executed by this joint.
An injured TMJ results in pain while chewing, talking, or any other jaw movements, as well as headaches from inflammation of face and nerves. There may be instances of the joint getting dislocated. The disorder causes the dysfunction of the TMJ, and pain occurs with any action that requires jaw movements.
Causes of TMJ Disorder
Multiple factors contribute to the TMJ disorder. There is a list of aspects that characterize the muscle functioning of the jawbone, and when the muscles of the TMJ are affected, the condition is acquired. Like everything, the root cause of the disease will ascertain the type of treatment that needs to be given, thus diagnosing the cause is of critical importance. There may be various causes for a TMJ disorder, which include dislocation of the cushion in the jawbone, excessive amounts of chewing, psychological disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and grinding of teeth.
When there is over usage of the muscles in TMJ, a problem may occur, and it may also lead to the triggering of pain. There is an increased pain sensation as a result and the subsequent stiff muscles will cause problems.
Symptoms and Treatment of TMJ Disorder
The incidence of pain in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the prevailing reason for the disorder, though there are many other symptoms which imply the disease exists and persists. The symptoms may also appear depending on the location of TMJ. Typical signs include persistent pain in the jaw, clicking sounds coming from jaw, pain in the ear, popping sound in ears, blurry vision, tight face muscles, and pain in shoulders. Dislocation of the joint also may occur in severe cases.
Topical Pain Medications
Many people with TMJ disorder will not require extensive treatment, as far as the muscles are concerned. However, surgical treatment may be required when there are dislocations. Topical pain medications have proven to be effective in the pain relief mechanism, and when applied directly onto the site, the medicine absorbs into the skin and helps the muscles heal. Prescription pain cream for TMJ disorder also aid the muscles to lose their stiffness, relieving the pain associated with this.
When the muscles heal, some sort of facial exercises can also be practiced for a faster recovery. Topical medications are massaged into the skin, which is just an aid to the healing process, as massage helps the muscle tissues relax. While some instances may require an operative treatment, initially, using the topical agents after the treatment, helps to attain better results and improved functioning of the temporomandibular joint.
Isong, U., Gansky, S.A., and Plesh, O. (2008). Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorder-type pain in U.S. adults: the National Health Interview Survey. J Orofac Pain, 22(4), 317 – 322. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19090404