Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic pain in the musculoskeletal system, which has serious implications in the form of fatigue, prevalent muscle pain, sleeping disorders, and mood problems including stress. The syndrome plays a significant part in intensifying painful feelings by triggering the brain. This pain can result from built up stress or a painful event, and can also be traced to a surgery.
In a recent research study, the prevalence of fibromyalgia was 2 percent for both sexes, 3.4 percent for women, and 0.5 percent for men. The prevalence of the syndrome increased with age, with highest values attained between 60 and 79 years.
Fibromyalgia Causes and Symptoms
While there cannot be a single cause for fibromyalgia syndrome, the pain usually stems from different causes, sometimes the reason being the accumulation of multiple symptoms. There can be emotional, physical, or medical reasons for the occurrence of the disease. Experts report the incidence of fibromyalgia prevails in people with a family history of the disease, and the pain affects 4 percent of the US population, though no specific reason has been traced to the disease.
Symptoms of fibromyalgia include constant spread of a dull pain in the body, tiredness and fatigue, sleep disorders, and problems focusing. Other symptoms may also include headaches, stress, and anxiety. You may be living with the painful disorder unwillingly, and years later discover that you have fibromyalgia syndrome, as it often goes undiagnosed.
Treatment for Fibromyalgia Pain
You can combat the fibromyalgia syndrome with several medicated and non-medicated treatments that are available. Though any of them can be used, a combination of both works very well. Medication treatments help in the reduction of stress and anxiety, and they often promote sleep. The non-medication treatments include stress management, exercise, and awareness.
The fibromyalgia treatments will help reduce the pain suffered due to the fatigue, muscular pain, and mood disorders, especially for patients confronting the root cause of the disorder. Fibromyalgia mainly prevails in the form of severe pain, so medications usually focus on pain relief. Antidepressants are generally used to cure the pain suffered due to fibromyalgia, as they help to build a system which enables better stress management and less sensitivity to pain.
The Role of Topical Medications
The patients suffering from fibromyalgia have a deal of pain, and the treatment starts by lessening that discomfort. As there is no single cause of fibromyalgia that could be traced, the disease may have been present for years. As the pain covers the underlying cause, it is essential to treat it first while searching for the root cause. Topical medication proves helpful for fibromyalgia, which includes a combination of anesthetics and analgesics.
Compounded topical medications work through skin absorption and going right to the site of the nerve. Also, rubbing will help the muscles to relax and expel the stress. However, these agents must only be used as prescribed, and must not be used in excess as such acts can be dangerous for health.
Wolfe, F., Ross, K, Anderson, J. et al. The prevalence and characteristics of fibromyalgia in the general population. Arthritis Rheum, 38(1), 19 – 28. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7818567.